Since its release as a “research preview” in November 2022, ChatGPT, the conversational interface to the Generative Pretrained Transformer 3 large language model built by OpenAI, has garnered significant publicity for its ability to generate detailed responses to a variety of questions. ChatGPT and other large language models generate sentences and paragraphs in response to word patterns in training data that they have previously seen. By allowing users to communicate with an artificial intelligence model in a human-like way, however, ChatGPT has crossed the technological adoption barrier into the mainstream. Existing examples of ChatGPT use-cases, such as negotiating bills, debugging programing code, and writing essays, indicate that ChatGPT and similar models have the potential to have profound (and yet unknown) impacts on clinical research and practice in hepatology. In this special article, we discuss the general background and potential pitfalls of ChatGPT and associated technologies—and then we explore its uses in hepatology with specific examples.